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Volume 9 Supplement 2

AIDS Vaccine 2012

Recombinant Env proteins that bind the quaternary-specific, V1/V2-directed PGT antibodies

Background

Antibodies PGT141-145 are broadly neutralizing and recognize a glycan-dependent epitope in the V1/V2 loop, similar to antibodies PG9 and PG16. Collectively, this class of antibodies binds preferentially to the functional viral spike. Although PG9, and to a lesser extent, PG16, bind monomeric gp120s and V1/V2 scaffolds, to date no recombinant env-derived proteins have been identified that bind to antibodies PGT141-145.

Methods

As a first step toward obtaining structural information of the epitope recognized by PGT141-145, we have created and characterized novel gp140s and epitope scaffolds designed to present the V1/V2 conformation recognized by PGT141-145. To date, over 70 recombinant proteins have been expressed and tested for antibody binding.

Results

We have identified one V1/V2-scaffold protein that binds to PGT142. The binding is dependent on the HIV-1 strain used in the scaffold. We have also produced trimeric, cleaved gp140 constructs and evaluated them for binding to PGT141-145.

Conclusion

Proteins that accurately mimic V1/V2 conformations of the functional viral spike are crucial to obtaining structures of the PGT antibodies in complex with their epitopes, and may be ideal immunogens for eliciting broadly neutralizing, V1/V2-directed antibodies in a vaccine setting.

Author information

Correspondence to J Gorman.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Keywords

  • Infectious Disease
  • Cancer Research
  • Recombinant Protein
  • Structural Information
  • Antibody Binding