Skip to main content

Volume 9 Supplement 2

AIDS Vaccine 2012

A single dose of SAAVI MVA-C reboosts rhesus macaques after more than 3 years post DNA-MVA prime-boost vaccination


We have previously reported induction of robust immune responses in rhesus macaques following a prime boost immunization with candidate HIV-1 vaccines, SAAVI DNA-C (DNA) and SAAVI MVA-C (MVA). These vaccines are already in clinical evaluation. In the current study, we investigated whether re-boosting these animals with a single MVA inoculation after more than 3 years was sufficient to restore previous magnitudes of HIV-specific immune responses.


Seven rhesus macaques which had been vaccinated with three doses of DNA vaccine (4mg DNA/dose) and two doses of MVA (109 pfu MVA/dose) in a past study, >3 years previously, were re-boosted with a single dose of MVA. HIV-1-specific responses were quantified in the peripheral blood using an IFN-gamma ELISPOT assay.


A peak magnitude of response (1146±240 sfu/106 PBMC) was reached 1 week after vaccination with the first dose of MVA. The second MVA inoculation did not increase these responses which declined to undetectable levels by 1 year post vaccination. After re-boosting with MVA after 3.5 years post the second MVA, all animals responded, with a peak response (1824±672 sfu/106 PBMC) being reached 1 week after vaccination. Although the mean magnitude of the second peak was not significantly higher than the one seen in the first peak, boosting of responses in 3 of 7 animals with an apparent broadening of the breadth of responses was observed.


These preliminary data suggest a long-term preservation of vaccine memory following a prime-boost vaccination regimen with SAAVI DNA-C and SAAVI MVA-C vaccines.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Chege, G., Burgers, W., Muller, T. et al. A single dose of SAAVI MVA-C reboosts rhesus macaques after more than 3 years post DNA-MVA prime-boost vaccination. Retrovirology 9 (Suppl 2), P32 (2012).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • DOI:


  • Rhesus Macaque
  • Peak Response
  • Post Vaccination
  • ELISPOT Assay
  • Peak Magnitude