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HIV/AIDS infection in Ukraine: a review of epidemiological data

Background

To better understand the HIV dynamic in Ukraine in order to adapt HIV control efforts accordingly. The number of newly diagnosed HIV infections in Ukraine ranks second in the WHO European Region after the Russian Federation according to the end-year report 2006 of the European Centre for the Epidemiological Monitoring of AIDS (EuroHIV). According to the Ukrainian Ministry of Health the cumulative number of reported HIV infections by the end of 2008 amounts to more than 140.000 cases. However, because of many unreported cases the actual figures are supposed the official reports considerably.

Methods

Reported HIV/AIDS cases from the official epidemiological register of the Ukrainian Centre for AIDS Prevention between 1987 and 2008 were analysed. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS country fact sheets were reviewed and analysed and this information was supplemented with published HIV prevalence and sexually transmitted disease case reporting information.

Results

Between 1987 and 2000, 36,600 Ukrainian citizens were registered with HIV. The number of officially registered HIV-infections increased from 7,000 in 2001 to 18,963 in 2008. 7,009 new infections were due to IDU, 7,880 to heterosexual contact and 3,635 to vertical transmissions from HIV infected mothers to their children, Table 1.

Table 1 Newly diagnosed HIV infections, AIDS cases and AIDS deaths in Ukraine, 1987-2008

Discussion

The Ukraine is one of the European countries with the most rapidly increasing number of newly diagnosed HIV cases, mainly transmitted through IDU, but also increasingly through heterosexual contact in the general population and mother-to-child-transmission. In order to protect people from HIV infection, it is important to find ways to empower them by implementing policies and specific prevention measures that increase their access to knowledge about the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Free HIV tests, programs for the prevention the mother's child transference, information and access to condoms, clean hypodermic needles, drugs sentence programs and a medical treatment of gender illness would be important measures for the prevention and health care [1].

References

  1. 1.

    Burruano L, Seydel J: Die Ausbreitung von HIV/Aids in der Ukraine. [The Spread of HIV/AIDS in Ukraine]. Gesundheitswesen. 2006, 68: 571-574. 10.1055/s-2006-927071.

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Author information

Correspondence to Larissa Burruano.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Keywords

  • Heterosexual Contact
  • United Nations Programme
  • Joint United Nations Programme
  • Unreported Case
  • Epidemiological Monitoring