- Poster presentation
- Open Access
HIV/AIDS infection in Ukraine: a review of epidemiological data
© Burruano; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010
- Published: 11 May 2010
- Heterosexual Contact
- United Nations Programme
- Joint United Nations Programme
- Unreported Case
- Epidemiological Monitoring
To better understand the HIV dynamic in Ukraine in order to adapt HIV control efforts accordingly. The number of newly diagnosed HIV infections in Ukraine ranks second in the WHO European Region after the Russian Federation according to the end-year report 2006 of the European Centre for the Epidemiological Monitoring of AIDS (EuroHIV). According to the Ukrainian Ministry of Health the cumulative number of reported HIV infections by the end of 2008 amounts to more than 140.000 cases. However, because of many unreported cases the actual figures are supposed the official reports considerably.
Reported HIV/AIDS cases from the official epidemiological register of the Ukrainian Centre for AIDS Prevention between 1987 and 2008 were analysed. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS country fact sheets were reviewed and analysed and this information was supplemented with published HIV prevalence and sexually transmitted disease case reporting information.
Newly diagnosed HIV infections, AIDS cases and AIDS deaths in Ukraine, 1987-2008
New HIV infections
New HIV infections in total
Deaths among AIDS cases
The Ukraine is one of the European countries with the most rapidly increasing number of newly diagnosed HIV cases, mainly transmitted through IDU, but also increasingly through heterosexual contact in the general population and mother-to-child-transmission. In order to protect people from HIV infection, it is important to find ways to empower them by implementing policies and specific prevention measures that increase their access to knowledge about the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Free HIV tests, programs for the prevention the mother's child transference, information and access to condoms, clean hypodermic needles, drugs sentence programs and a medical treatment of gender illness would be important measures for the prevention and health care .
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.