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Volume 6 Supplement 3

AIDS Vaccine 2009

P19-37. Replication-defective lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus vectors boost cellular and humoral immunity after DNA or adenovirus vector priming

Background

Immunization against chronic life threatening viral infections such as HIV remains an elusive goal. Data from clinical and non-human primate studies suggest that the generation of potent CD8 T cell responses as well as broadly neutralizing antibodies will be needed for protective immunity against AIDS. Because of its well known ability to stimulate such immune responses, we have explored the potential of a replication-defective recombinant lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (rLCMV) vector to elicit antigen-specific immunity to HIV-1.

Methods

We developed a packaging cell system to produce replication-defective vector and analyzed its ability to replicate in vitro and in vivo. The immunogenicity of this vector was evaluated by comparison of different prime boost vectors encoding HIV-1 envelop (Env) using either DNA, recombinant adenovirus serotype 5 (rAd5) or alternative serotype rAd for priming followed by boosting with a rLCMV vector in mice. T cell immunogenicity was assessed by either analyzing tetramer positive cells or intracellular cytokine staining after peptide stimulation and B cell immunity by ELISA.

Results

The rLCMV vector was replication-defective, had no pathological consequences in mice injected intracerebrally with vector, and efficiently infected dendritic cells. The immune responses to rLCMV vaccination, alone or after DNA or recombinant rAd5 priming were compared to these vectors alone or to DNA/rAd5 prime boost immunizations. This analysis revealed that rLCMV boosting of DNA or rAd5 elicited Env-specific CD4 and CD8 T-cell ICS responses of greater magnitude and persistence than either vector alone or DNA/rAd5 immunization. Immunogenicity in non-human primate studies is in progress and will be discussed.

Conclusion

These results suggest that rLCMV represents a vaccine vector that targets dendritic cells and elicits potent and persistent CD8 responses alone or in different prime boost combinations. This vector merits further consideration for clinical development of an AIDS vaccine.

Author information

Correspondence to LR Flatz.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Flatz, L., Kong, W., Ko, S. et al. P19-37. Replication-defective lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus vectors boost cellular and humoral immunity after DNA or adenovirus vector priming. Retrovirology 6, P357 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4690-6-S3-P357

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Keywords

  • Intracellular Cytokine Staining
  • Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis
  • Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus
  • Adenovirus Serotype
  • Tetramer Positive Cell