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Volume 6 Supplement 3

AIDS Vaccine 2009

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P19-20. Allogeneic stimulation of the anti-viral APOBEC3G in human CD4+ T cells and prevention of SHIV infectivity in macaques immunized with HLA antigens


APOBEC3G (A3G) is an intracellular anti-viral factor which deaminates cytidine to uridine. The activity of A3G is countered by Vif, which protects the virus by preventing incorporation of A3G into virions. A3G can be upregulated in vitro and in vivo to overcome Vif activity and inhibit HIV-1 or SIV infection.


Human CD4+ T cells were separated from PBMC of normal HIV-1- subjects and allostimulated by unmatched irradiated PBMC. A3G was assayed before and after allo-stimulation by RT-PCR, Western blots and immunofluorescence with A3G-specific antibodies. A3G expression in the subsets of memory CD4+ T cells was determined by immunofluorescence with antibodies to A3G, CD45RA and CCR7. Allo-immunization with recombinant HLA-class I and class II dextramers, HIVgp140, SIVp27 and the co-adjuvants HSP70 and Titermax (SC x4) was carried out in rhesus monkeys and they were challenged with SHIVSF162.P4.


Allogeneic stimulation of human CD4+ T cells in vitro upregulated A3G mRNA (p = 0.01). The mechanism of upregulation of A3G mRNA involves interaction between HLA on DC and TCR of CD4+ T cells, which is ZAP70 phosphokinase signalling dependent and induces CD40L and A3G mRNA expression in CD4+ T cells (p = 0.001). In vivo significant inhibition in viral load or preventing infection was found against the heterologous viral challenge, when compared with unimmunized control animals. A significant increase in A3G mRNA was found already after the 1st immunization (p < 0.02), with upregulation of CD4+CD95+CCR7+ central memory T cells.


In vitro allo-stimulation of human CD4+ T cells and in vivo immunization with recombinant HLA-class I and II dextramers, trimeric HIVgp140, SIVp27, HSP70 and Titermax elicited significant upregulation of A3G in CD4+ memory T cells. A significant inverse correlation between the cumulative viral load and A3G in the central memory T cells suggests that A3G may have contributed to the prevention of SHIV SF162.P4 infection.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Wang, Y., Whittall, T., Scholler, J. et al. P19-20. Allogeneic stimulation of the anti-viral APOBEC3G in human CD4+ T cells and prevention of SHIV infectivity in macaques immunized with HLA antigens. Retrovirology 6 (Suppl 3), P340 (2009).

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