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Volume 6 Supplement 3

AIDS Vaccine 2009

P18-08. Characterization of CD34+ derived dendritic cells generated in vitro and transfected with HIV gene as potential therapeutic vaccine in macaque

Background

Antiretroviral therapies against HIV infection reduce the plasma viral load but can not eradicate the virus. Dendritic cells (DC) transfected with messenger ribonucleic acids (mRNA) encoding endogenous viral proteins are expected to enhance the HIV specific immune response and are considered as potent therapeutic vaccines. In this context we studied the feasibility and efficiency of mRNA loaded CD34+ derived DC as therapeutic vaccine in SIV infected macaques as a model of HIV infection and AIDS.

Methods

DC were derived from macaque medullar CD34+ cells by in vitro proliferation for 7 days with early acting cytokines, IL-3 and IL-6 and by differentiation for 7 days with GM-CSF and IL-4. To mature the cells, a cocktail consisting of pro-inflammatory cytokines was added for 24 hours. Mature DC were transfected by electroporation with human codon optimized HxB-2 Gag mRNA. Two hours after electroporation, cells were frozen until use for vaccination. In a preliminary study, uninfected animals received 4 injections 4 weeks apart of 15 × 106 autologous transfected DC, administered both intradermaly and subcutaneously. Immunomonitoring was focused on the detection of Gag-specific antibodies and IFN-γ and IL-2 secreting cells in peripheral blood.

Results

This process yielded 10 to 60 fold more DC than the input number of CD34+ cells. The electroporated DC express CD83, CCR7; high level of HLA-DR, CD40, CD86, CD1a, CD1d, ASGPR and CLEC-6; and lower level of DC-SIGN, Dectin-1, Lox-1 and DCIR. After thawing, 90% cells were alive and 70% expressed Gag. Two weeks after the first vaccination, peripheral blood cells evidenced strong production of IFN-γ and IL-2. This indicated that it is possible to induce polyfunctional T-cells.

Conclusion

This opens perspectives for the use of CD34+ derived DC electroporated with mRNA encoding HIV-gag as therapeutic vaccine in macaque model.

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Correspondence to G Romain.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Romain, G., Van Gulck, E., Zurawski, G. et al. P18-08. Characterization of CD34+ derived dendritic cells generated in vitro and transfected with HIV gene as potential therapeutic vaccine in macaque. Retrovirology 6, P317 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4690-6-S3-P317

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Keywords

  • Dendritic Cell
  • Ribonucleic Acid
  • Plasma Viral Load
  • Messenger Ribonucleic Acid
  • Therapeutic Vaccine