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Volume 6 Supplement 3

AIDS Vaccine 2009

P17-12. Immunogenicity comparison of dna vaccines encompassing HIV-1 tat, rev, integrase (C-half), vif and nef genes derived from different clades

Background

B', B'/C and AE recombinant subtype of HIV-1 occupy the top three of the most prevalent HIV-1 clades in China. Thus, the preliminary object for HIV vaccine development in China is to obtain an efficacious vaccine targeting these clades. In order to assess their potencies to be used as T cell vaccine immunogen, we compared the immunogenicity of DNA vaccines containing tat, rev, integrase (C-half), vif and nef genes derived from the above three subtypes in mice model.

Methods

Polynecleotides encompassing tat, rev, integrase (C-half), vif and nef genes of HIV-1cn54(B'/C), HIV-1rl42(B') and HIV-1ae2f(AE) were synthesized respectively after codon optimization according to the preference of homo sapiens. Among these genes, tat, integrase(C-half) and nef were modified to ensure they were safe. The synthesized DNA fragments were transferred into plasmid vector to generated 3 DNA vaccines for vaccination of female Balb/c mice in a DNA prime-DNA boost regimen. IFN-γ Elispot assay was used to read out the T cell immunity.

Results

The general magnitude of T cell response elicited by pSV-TRIVN(ae2f) (948 ± 330 SFCs/106 splenocytes) was significantly higher than those of pSV-TRIVN(rl42) (195.1 ± 44 SFCs/106 splenocytes) and pSV-TRIVN(cn54) (89.5 ± 17 SFCs/106 splenocytes), p < 0.01. And most potent response was elicited by Integrase(C-half) and the second was Vif. While, rare response was induced by Tat, Rev and Nef.

Conclusion

Our data demonstrated that DNA vaccine derived from HIV-1ae2f was most immunogenic among these three DNA vaccines. And in our vaccine formulation, the C-half of Integrase was the most immunogenic component.

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Correspondence to Y Wan.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Wan, Y., Zhang, C., Shi, J. et al. P17-12. Immunogenicity comparison of dna vaccines encompassing HIV-1 tat, rev, integrase (C-half), vif and nef genes derived from different clades. Retrovirology 6, P294 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4690-6-S3-P294

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Keywords

  • Vaccine Development
  • Efficacious Vaccine
  • Codon Optimization
  • Cell Vaccine
  • Vaccine Formulation