Skip to main content

Advertisement

Volume 6 Supplement 3

AIDS Vaccine 2009

P17-01. HIV-specific immune responses induced by a single dose of HIV DNA vaccine in Rhesus macaques

Background

DNA vaccine is one of the most promising strategies for development of an efficacious HIV vaccine. Current HIV DNA vaccines induce potent immune responses (IR) in rodents but their immunogenicity remains weak in human and non-human primates (NHP). On the other hand, the MRKAd-5 based HIV vaccine that induces strong HIV-specific T cell responses failed to control HIV infection in human clinical trial. Therefore, strategies that enhance the immunogenicity of HIV DNA vaccines together with a strong commitment to better characterize the vaccine-induced IR are needed. Such comprehensive studies are critical in defining correlates of immune protection.

Methods

Accordingly, we used a single high dose of our Δ4SHIVKU2 DNA vaccine to immunize 5 Rhesus monkeys and performed a longitudinal analysis of induced IR using multiparametric flow cytometry based assays.

Results

All 5 macaques developed long-lasting, potent T cell immune responses in their peripheral blood cells (PBMC). Interestingly, a peak of primary response was observed during the 4 weeks post-immunization. Then the response underwent a contraction phase and later reemerged in absence of any boost. The great majority of vaccine-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cells lacked IFN-γ production but showed high Ag-specific proliferation capacity. Proliferative CD8+ T cells expressed the lytic Granzyme B. Contrasting to these data no antibody response specific to HIV antigens was detected. This vaccination strategy was not associated with any detectable proviral integration in the PBMC of immunized animals. Furthermore no autoantibody to DNA was detected in sera of these animals.

Conclusion

Altogether, our comprehensive analysis demonstrated for the first time the capacity of a single high dose of HIV DNA vaccine alone to induce potent, long-lasting and polyfunctional T cell responses in NHP.

Author information

Correspondence to Y Chebloune.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Arrode-Brusés, G., Sheffer, D., Hegde, R. et al. P17-01. HIV-specific immune responses induced by a single dose of HIV DNA vaccine in Rhesus macaques. Retrovirology 6, P283 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4690-6-S3-P283

Download citation

Keywords

  • Rhesus Macaque
  • Contraction Phase
  • Cell Immune Response
  • Single High Dose
  • Immunize Animal