P11-04. PEGylated poly [2-(N,N-dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate] as mucosal DNA delivery vector improves HIV-1-specific immune responses
Retrovirology volume 6, Article number: P149 (2009)
Development of safe and efficient vectors is crucial for gene therapy and vaccine delivery. As a promising transfection reagent, poly [2-(N,N-dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate] (PDMAEMA) have potential applications in gene delivery systems. However, its high cytotoxicity limits its advances into clinical evaluation. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is one of the most widely used to decrease polymers' cytotoxicity in drug delivery systems. But the vaccine delivery effects was still unclear by PEGylation for this polymer.
PEGylated PDMAEMA was synthesized with PEG segments by atom transfer radical polymerization, and its binding capability to DNA was determinded by gel electrophore retardation assaysis. Its effects on transfection efficiency and cytotoxicity in vitro were determined by Flow Cytometry using GFP as a reporter and MTT assay respectivly. Finally, ELISA and Elispot assay were used to evaluated its effects on immunogenicity as a mucosal DNA vaccine carrier in vivo. An plasmid DNA expressing HIV-1 gag was used as an model vaccine.
PEGylated PDMAEMA retained its DNA bing capability and its cytotoxicity was dramatically decreased compared to unPEGylated PDMAEMA but with low transfection efficiency in vitro. However, our in vivo data proved that PEGylated PDMAEMA significantly improved the priming effect of an HIV DNA vaccine through intranasal administration compared to another cation vector polyethyleneimine (PEI) and had more immunositmulatory ability in vitro.
Our study suggested that PEGylated PDMAEMA could be used in vaccine research as a nonviral vector and importantly, transfection efficiency in vitro did not correlate to the immunogenicity in vivo for polymer vectors especially due to its potential adjuvant effects.
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Qiao, Y., Huang, Y., Yue, X. et al. P11-04. PEGylated poly [2-(N,N-dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate] as mucosal DNA delivery vector improves HIV-1-specific immune responses. Retrovirology 6 (Suppl 3), P149 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4690-6-S3-P149