Skip to main content

Biomarker to predict treatment response in patients with HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/Tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP)

There are only a few studies which evaluate the utility of biomarkers to predict treatment response in HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/Tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). Therefore, we investigated biomarkers of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in patients with HAM/TSP treated with high-dose methylpredonisolone (SP). Eight patients with HAM/TSP, who admitted to our hospital from 2012 to 2014 for treatment of HAM/TSP, were enrolled in this study. Three patients were rapidly progressive types and five patients were slowly progressive types. We evaluated the treatment response with SP and interferon-alpha (INF-α). The CSF was collected before and after the SP treatment. As the candidates of biomarker, CXCL10, neopterin, cell count and anti-HTLV-1 antibody titer in the CSF were measured. The motor functions were evaluated using the Osame Motor Disability Score (OMDS), 10m walking time and 6 minutes walking distance. The pre-treatment CXCL10 levels in the CSF of patients with rapidly progressive types were higher compared to those with slowly progressive types and the treatment response was remarkably better in rapidly progressive types. Level of CXCL10 in the CSF before treatment is related to improvement rate of motor function after the SP treatment in all patients. These results indicate that CXCL10 level in the CSF may be a biomarker to predict treatment response with SP.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Tamaki, K., Tsugawa, J., Matsuo, M. et al. Biomarker to predict treatment response in patients with HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/Tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). Retrovirology 12 (Suppl 1), P26 (2015).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • DOI:


  • Infectious Disease
  • Cell Count
  • Cancer Research
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • Treatment Response