Volume 12 Supplement 1
A NKG2D Thr72Ala polymorphism is not associated with HAM/TSP and proviral load values in Peruvian HTLV-1 infected patients with HAM/TSP and asymptomatic carriers
© Bernia et al. 2015
Published: 28 August 2015
NKG2D is an activating receptor mainly expressed on Natural Killer (NK) cells, its ligands has an abnormal expression in virus infected cells and tumoral cells. The SNP rs2255336 G/A generates a substitution of alanine to threonine (NKG2D Thr72Ala) associated with a low and high cytotoxic activity of NK cells respectively. This study investigated the association between the NKG2D Thr72Ala polymorphism with HAM/TSP and PVL values in Peruvian HTLV-1 infected patients with HAM/TSP and asymptomatic carriers.
215 Peruvian HTLV-1 infected patients (142 asymptomatic carriers (AC) and 73 HAM/TSP) were evaluated. NKG2D Thr72Ala polymorphism were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction using allele-specific primers, 37 ancestry informative markers (AIM) were genotyped to correct by population stratification using the first three principal components. Proviral load (PVL) was measured using the endogenous retrovirus 3 (ERV-3). Association of the NKG2D Thr72Ala polymorphism with HAM/TSP and PVL were performed by univariate analysis using Pearson's chi-square test and Mann-Whitney U-test and by multivariate analysis using logistic regression and linear regression analysis. STATA software was used for all analysis.
The NKG2D Thr72Ala polymorphism with G/G genotype showed a higher prevalence in asymptomatic carrier (64.13%) respect to HAM/TSP patients (34.87%), however these differences were not statistically significant (P>0.05). No association was found between the different genotypes of NKG2D Thr72Ala with PVL (P>0.05), or with the presence of HAM/TSP (P> 0.05). The assessment of the association between allele G (OR=2.3760; CI= 0.7744 to 7.2901) or the allele A (OR= 0.4209; CI=0.1372 to 1.2914) with the presence of HAM/TSP were not statistically significant (P>0.05).
The results of this study indicate the need to evaluate the association of polymorphisms in NKG2D gene with HAM/TSP and PVL in other independent populations of HTLV-1 infected individuals in order to verify an association of disease state with host genetic.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.