Recurrent TET2 mutations in adult T cell leukemia (ATL) and identification of a Single Nucleotide polymorphism in TET2 region predisposing to ATL development
Retrovirology volume 12, Article number: O12 (2015)
Deregulation of DNA methylation, such as inactivation of the Ten-Eleven Translocation 2 (TET2) gene by haplo-insufficiency, has been recently identified in malignant hematologic diseases. Inactivating mutations of TET2 were first described in myeloid disorders and more recently in peripheral T-cell lymphomas especially those that are harboring T follicular helper features like angio-immunoblastic T cell lymphoma. In order to determine new oncogenic pathways in Adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL), we investigated the presence of TET2 coding sequence mutations and their clinical relevance in a retrospective cohort of 66 ATL patients. We identified mono allelic inactivating mutations of TET2 gene in 12 patients of 66 analyzed (18%). Of the 51 patients with aggressive forms (acute and lymphoma), 11 (22%) had TET2 mutations while only one (7%) of the 12 patients with indolent forms had a TET2 mutation. Of the 12 mutated patients, 8 showed the same recurrent point mutation known as a Single Nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), which creates a frameshift resulting in the introduction of premature stop codon in one allele and lead to haplo-insufficiency. We have characterized this SNP and demonstrated that the mutated gene encodes for a truncated form of Tet2 that is no longer catalytically active. We then addressed whether this mutation could predispose to ATL development by sequencing the TET2 SNP region in 50 HTLV-1 carriers from French Guyana matching the African or French Caribbean origins of the patients. We found that the percentage of the mutation in this control population was around 4%, which is similar to that of the African population and is three fold less than in our ATL cohort. This finding suggests that this mutation could be a predisposal factor for developing an ATL. In conclusion, we have showed that TET2 mutations are frequently associated with ATL, notably the aggressive forms, and that a TET2 SNP may predispose to ATL development.
and Olivier Hermine contributed equally to this work.
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Marçais, A., Hanssens, K., Waast, L. et al. Recurrent TET2 mutations in adult T cell leukemia (ATL) and identification of a Single Nucleotide polymorphism in TET2 region predisposing to ATL development. Retrovirology 12 (Suppl 1), O12 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4690-12-S1-O12