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Medical conditions, social and neurological patients of the T-lymphotropic virus humanities-HTLV I

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Introduction

The virus Human T lymphotropic (HTLV) can affect neurological disorders, gastrointestinal motility at low, causing constipation and nutritional deficiencies may occur. To identify the nutritional status of patients with HTLV I and social factors, clinical and neurological that may interfere with their quality of life.

Methods

Retrospective analysis, with individuals in a group of 150 patients who have regular monitoring in the outpatient HTLV, this group were evaluated 42 adult patients of both sexes, attended in 2012. We evaluated anthropometric factors (gender, age and body mass index - BMI), social (practical exercise), clinical and neurological (bowel movement and ambulation, neurological and vitamin D) and presence of coinfection. Nutritional status was determined by BMI (WHO, 2000). Data were analyzed using SPSS.

Results

Patients with a mean age of 49 years, 55% male, 62% eutrophic (Figure 1). Observed 40% of HIV coinfected patients (Figure 2). Identified 65% of the sample with constipation, 59.5% showed no neurological signs, 61.9% had difficulty walking; 74.6% were sedentary and 52.4% had vitamin D insufficiency (Table 1). There was a statistically significant correlation with nutritional diagnosis and HIV coinfection of HTLV p = 0.005.

Figure 1
figure1

Distribution of patients with HTLV I, according to nutritional status (BMI). IIER, 2013 (n = 42).

Figure 2
figure2

Distribution of patients with HTLV I, according to the presence of co-infections (HIV, HCV and HTLV). IIER, 2013 (n = 42).

Table 1 Social characteristics, clinical and neurological patients with HTLV I, Emilio Ribas Institute of Infectious Diseases, 2013 (n=42).

Conclusion

Population eutrophic observed low motility and ambulation, vitamin D insufficiency, in HIV coinfection and physical inactivity, which are factors that influence the health and quality of life.

Author information

Correspondence to GLC Gaspar.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Keywords

  • Body Mass Index
  • Nutritional Status
  • Constipation
  • Retrospective Analysis
  • Neurological Disorder