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Table 2 Representative SFV zoonotic infection studies

From: Foamy virus zoonotic infections

Location Subjects No. No. SFV Ab+ (%) No. SFV PCR+ (%) SFV source References
A. North America
US and Canada Lab workers exposed to NHPa 231 4 (1.8) 4 (1.8) 3 baboon
1 Cercopithecus sp.c
Heneine et al. [68]
North America Zoo keepers working with NHP 133 4 (3) N/A Most likely chimpanzee Sandstrom et al. [69]
Canada Primate facility workers 46 2 (4.3) 1 (2.2) 1 macaque Brooks et al. [70]
North America Res. centers and zoo workers 187 10 (5.3) 9/9 Ab+ tested 8 chimpanzee
1 baboon
Switzer et al. [71]
B. Africa
Cameroon Bush meat hunters and butchers 1099 10 (0.9) 3 (0.3) 1 mandrill
1 gorilla
1 Cercopithecus sp.
Wolfe et al. [72]
Cameroon VRb near NHP populations 1164 21 (1.8) 4/11 Ab+ tested 3 gorilla
1 chimpanzee
Calattini et al. [73]
Contact with NHP:     
– apes 85
29
9 (10.6)
7 (24.1)
9 (10.6)
7 (24.1)
5 gorilla
2 chimpanzee
– monkeys 56 2 (3.6) 2 (3.6) 1 mandrill
1 Cercopithecus sp.
Cameroon General Adult population 1321 26 (2) 2 (0.2) 1 gorilla
1 Cercopithecus sp.
Betsem et al. [74]
People with NHP bites or scratches 198 53 (26.7) 37 (18.6) 31 gorilla
3 chimpanzee
3 Cercopithecus sp.
Gabon NHP hunters and those interacting with petsd 78
10 women
59 men
9 children
19 (24.4) 15 (19.2) 12 gorilla
2 chimpanzee
1 Cercopithecus sp.
Mouinga-Ondéme et al. [75]
C. Asia
Thailand, Indonesia, Nepal and Bangladesh People sharing NHP habitat 305 8 (2.6) 3 (1) 3 macaques Jones-Engel et al. [76]
Bangladesh VR sharing NHP habitat 209 18 (8.6) 12 (5.6) 11 macaques Engel et al. [77]
  1. aNonhuman primates, bvillage residents
  2. cAlso known as guenons. This genus is comprised of at least 26 species of Old World monkeys
  3. dIncludes children