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  • Meeting abstract
  • Open Access

Arsenic trioxyde in the treatment of HTLV1 associated ATLL

  • 1Email author,
  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 3,
  • 4,
  • 5,
  • 6,
  • 7 and
  • 8
Retrovirology20118 (Suppl 1) :A59

https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4690-8-S1-A59

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Lymphoma
  • Arsenic
  • Interferon
  • Median Survival
  • Partial Response

Background

The prognosis of Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) associated with HTLV1 is dismal. The response to conventional chemotherapy ranges between 20 and 70% and relaspe is constant. Median survival is 8 to 13 months. Chronic and smouldering ATLL have a longer survival, ranging from 18 to 72 months at 5 years. Interferon alpha (IFNa) and AZT combination therapy is effective in acute, chronic and smouldering ATLL, sometimes leading to complete response and has a better prognosis than conventional chemotherapy (5 year survival of 82% in acute and 100% in chronic and smouldering forms reaching a complete response). Patients with ATLL/lymphoma do not benefit from IFNa+AZT combination and despite initial response to chemotherapy, all patients eventually relapse. Arsenic trioxyde (AsO3) in combination with IFNa has in vitro activity with a negative regulation of the Tax oncoprotein and leads to apoptosis of HTLV1 transformed lymphocytes. A recent study has showed a benefit in chronic forms of ATLL.

Patients and methods

11 patients with ATLL were treated with AsO3+IFN combination after a minimum of 1 line of treatment.

Results

3 patients had ATLL/lymphoma, 3 chronic and 5 acute. All patients had recieved previous therapy with chemotherapy associated or not with IFNa/AZT combination. At initiation of AsO3, 4 patients were in complete response (3 lymphoma, 1 acute), 2 partial response (1 acute, 1 chronic) et 5 in progression (3 acute, 2 chronic). 10 patients recieved AsO3 during 3 to 8 weeks 1 patient progressed 3 days after starting AsO3. Tolerance was acceptable with peripheral neurolopathy (n = 4), hand and foot syndrome (n = 3) et drug eruption (n = 3 including 2 toxic epidermal necrolysis). 6 patients died, and all were progressing at time of AsO3 initiation. 5 patients survived : 3 lymphomas in complete response (25, 31 et 46 months follow-up), 1 acute in complete response (9 months follow-up) and 1 one chronic in partial response (39 months follow-up).

Conclusion

AsO3 and IFNa combination has an acceptable tolerance profile and seems to be effective in ATLL in consolidation after response to a previous treatment, particularly in lymphoma and chronic forms.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Hématologie Adultes, Groupe Hospitalier Necker - Enfants malades, Paris, France
(2)
Hématologie Clinique, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France
(3)
Hématologie, CHU Purpan, Toulouse, France
(4)
Hématologie Biologique, Groupe Hospitalier Necker - Enfants malades, Paris, France
(5)
Anatomie Pathologique, Groupe Hospitalier Necker - Enfants malades, Paris, France
(6)
CNRS Hôpital saint Louis, Paris, France
(7)
Hematology - Internal Medicine, American University Hospital, Beyrout, Liban
(8)
Hématologie Adultes et Cnrs Umr 8147, Groupe Hospitalier Necker - Enfants malades, Paris, France

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