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Clinical significance of CADM1/TSLC1/IgSF4 expression in Adult-T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL): identification of various types of ATLL cells

Cell adhesion molecule 1 (CADM1/TSLC1/IgSF4) was recently identified as a novel cell surface maker for adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL). In this manuscript, we developed several kinds of antibodies for diagnostic tools identifying CADM1-positive ATLL cells. 107 kDa of CADM1 protein was detected in the ATLL cell lines and a 72 kDa of soluble CADM1 protein was detected in serum from ATLL patients. In analysis by flow cytometry, percentages of CADM1+/CD4+ positive (DP) cells in the peripheral blood are well correlated with the percentages of CD4+/CD25+ DP cells in the peripheral bloods from various types of ATLL patients and HTLV-1 carriers. Percentages of CADM1+/CD4+ DP cell fraction were well correlated with the percentages of abnormal lymphocytes and DNA copy numbers of HTLV-1 infected or ATLL cells in the peripheral blood, particularly, with high DNA copy numbers of HTLV-1-infected lymphocytes from HTLV-1 carriers. Expression of soluble-form CADM1 is also detected in the peripheral blood from acute-type of ATLL patients with correlation of the level of soluble IL2Ra. Moreover, lymphomas derived from ATLL in paraffin-embedded tissue sections were strongly and specifically stained by CADM1 antibody, suggesting that CADM1 is one of very useful markers for identifying various types of ATLL cells.

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Correspondence to Kazuhiro Morishita.

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  • Lymphoma
  • Adhesion Molecule
  • Cell Adhesion Molecule
  • Cell Fraction
  • Abnormal Lymphocyte