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Viral expression directs the fate of B cells in BLV-infected sheep

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There is a long lasting debate about the latency of human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and bovine leukemia virus (BLV). Evidence indicates that these viruses are transcriptionally silent and replicate through mitotic division of infected cells (clonal expansion). However, this model is inconsistent with the permanent and vigorous stimulation of the host immune response directed against these viruses.

To address this apparent paradox, we studied the fate of cells in which viral expression was transiently induced. Using a dual fluorochrome labeling approach, we show that virus-positive and negative cell populations have different kinetics in BLV-infected sheep. Furthermore, cyclosporine treatment completely abrogates the difference in kinetics, consistent with a role of the immune response in controlling virus expressing cells.

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Correspondence to Arnaud Florins.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Keywords

  • Cyclosporine
  • Infected Cell
  • Virus Type
  • Host Immune Response
  • Express Cell