Skip to content

Advertisement

  • Meeting abstract
  • Open Access

Expression of hbz mRNA promotes survival in HTLV-1-infected cells with high DNA damage

  • Karina Flores1Email author,
  • Giovanni López1,
  • Michael Talledo1,
  • Carolina Alvarez1,
  • Elsa González1, 2,
  • Kristien Verdonck1,
  • Eduardo Gotuzzo1, 2 and
  • Daniel Clark1, 3
Retrovirology20118(Suppl 1):A205

https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4690-8-S1-A205

Published: 6 June 2011

Keywords

Comet AssayProviral LoadDamage IncreaseHTLV1 Proviral Load

Background

HTLV1 may exert an initial pro-apoptotic stimulus via Tax-induced DNA damage. On the other hand, Hbz protein antagonizes some Tax effects on gene expression and hbz mRNA has been proposed as essential for maintaining oncogenesis. We hypothesize that expression of the hbz gene contributes to overcoming the pro-apoptotic signals in HTLV1 infected T-cells with DNA damage. To test this hypothesis we studied the expansion of infected cells with high DNA damage and investigated whether hbz mRNA supports survival of those cells.

Aim and methods

We measured HTLV1 proviral load (PVL) in two groups of HTLV-1-infected subjects showing (1) High DNA damage [HD] (n=18); and (2) Low DNA damage [LD] (n=9). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated to measure PVL and hbz mRNA levels by real time PCR, and the degree of DNA damage by comet assay (HD: ≥51comets/100cells; LD: ≤50comets/100cells). PVL was expressed as HTLV-1 tax copy number /104 PBMCs. Statistical analyses were based on non-parametric tests.

Results

PVL was not significantly different between both groups (p=0.959); however, we identified a cluster of high PVL (3168 ±980SD) in the HD group with detectable levels of hbz mRNA. Interestingly, no mRNA expression could be detected in the LD group.

Conclusion

Our results suggest that hbz mRNA levels rise as DNA damage increases, which is consistent with our hypothesis. The absence of a negative association between PVL and DNA damage along with the detection of hbz mRNA only in HD subjects with high PVL further support our hypothesis.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Instituto de Medicina Tropical “Alexander von Humboldt”, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú
(2)
Facultad de Medicina Alberto Hurtado, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú
(3)
Laboratorios de Investigación y Desarrollo (LID), Facultad de Ciencias y Filosofía, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú

Copyright

© Flores et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Advertisement