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Comparison of Cytotoxic activity and Interferon-g secretion by Natural Killer Cells in HIV-1 and HIV-2 infected individuals
Retrovirology volume 7, Article number: P9 (2010)
The role of NK cells in slowing disease progression in HIV-2 infected individuals compare to HIV-1 infected individuals.
In this study peripheral blood mononuclear cells were obtained from 30 HIV-1 and 30 HIV-2 infected subjects from each of 3 categories of CD4 T-cell counts (>500, 200-500 and <200 cells/ul) together with 50 HIV uninfected control subjects. Lytic activity and IFN-g secretion by NK cells from HIV-1 and HIV-2 infected subjects were measured by chromium-release and ELISPOT assays respectively following incubation of PBMC with the NK-sensitive K562 cells. Viral load was also measured from the plasma samples of the subjects.
The cytotoxic response by NK cells was significantly higher in HIV-2 than in HIV-1 infection in subjects with CD4-T cell count >500 cell/ul (p < 0.05) and was similar to that of the healthy controls. There was a significant correlation between the magnitude of the NK population and cytolytic activity in HIV-2 individuals (r = 0.27, p = 0.01). There was also an inverse relationship between the cytolytic activity and plasma viral load in HIV-2 infected subjects (r = -0.27, p = 0.009). Interferon-g secretion by NK cells in ELISPOT assays was similar in HIV-1 and HIV-2 infections at all categories of CD4+T cell counts.
The data suggest an efficient cytolytic function from NK cells in early HIV-2 infection, which is associated with high CD4 T cell counts. This may imply that a strategic immune-based therapy to control HIV disease through the enhancement of NK cell activity is worthy of consideration.
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Nuvor, S.V., Rowland-jones, S., Whittle, H. et al. Comparison of Cytotoxic activity and Interferon-g secretion by Natural Killer Cells in HIV-1 and HIV-2 infected individuals. Retrovirology 7, P9 (2010) doi:10.1186/1742-4690-7-S1-P9
- Viral Load
- K562 Cell
- ELISPOT Assay
- Cytolytic Activity
- Plasma Viral Load