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Awareness about hepatitis B infection among the grass root level health and family planning workers in a selected health complex at Dhaka district
Retrovirologyvolume 7, Article number: P153 (2010)
Regarding their awareness about Hepatitis B infection.
This descriptive cross sectional study was carried out amongst 145 health and family planning workers of Tejgaon Thana complex. Mohakhali, Dhaka. The health workers were selected randomly and a structured questionnaire was used as research instrument. A score sheet was prepared to assess the level of awareness.
The mean age of workers was 22.12 years with standard deviation of 4.2 years. Majority of them were H.S.C (39.60%) and S.S.C (42.76%) passed. Nine of them (6.21%) were found graduates and two of them (1.38%) were found post graduates. It was observed that 79.3% were married and remaining 19.31% were unmarried and 1.38% was widow. Majority of them were found Muslims 91.72%). The mean length of service was 3.23 years with standard deviation of 2.25 years. More than four fifth (86.21%) knew infected blood is the source of Hepatitis B infection followed by contaminated syringe and infected person. Regarding the mode of transmission majority opined infected blood transfusion (86.21%), use of contaminated syringe (67.59%) and sexual contact (59.31%) were the principal way. But only few (16.55%) opined about transplacental transmission. The highest percentage of high risk group was identified as close relatives (78.62%), followed by professional blood donors (71.03%), doctors (67.59%), medical technologist (51.03%), nurses (50.34%), prostitutes (44.83%) and dental surgeons. Majority were unaware (77.24%) about complication of hepatitis B infection. It was found in this study that only 28.28% had tested their blood for HbsAg and only 8.27% took vaccine against. Hepatitis B. regarding knowledge on preventive measures against Hepatitis B, 91.03% opined healthful environment sanitation, 70.34% vaccination, 63.45% use of disposable syringe, 63.45% washing hands after handling infected patient and only 31.72% safe sexual habit. Majority (70.94%) opined the necessity of health education regarding lowering the incidence of hepatitis B infection. Bi-variate analysis revealed that younger age had poor awareness regarding Hepatitis B infection (p > 0.05). Similarly higher level of education had good awareness than lower level of education (p > 0.05). However as per point score only 20% had shown good awareness and majority were found average (46.9%) and poor awareness (33.60%).
Research finding concluded that level of education and good practice can prevent infectious disease.