Volume 6 Supplement 2

Frontiers of Retrovirology: Complex retroviruses, retroelements and their hosts

Open Access

Targeting of MuLV Gag to the plasma membrane is mediated by PI(4,5)P2 and PhosphatidylSerine

  • E Hamard-Peron1,
  • F Juilliard1,
  • JS Saad2, 3,
  • C Roy4,
  • P Roingeard5,
  • Michael F Summers2,
  • JL Darlix1,
  • C Picart4 and
  • D Muriaux1, 6
Retrovirology20096(Suppl 2):O15

https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4690-6-S2-O15

Published: 24 September 2009

Membrane targeting by the modern human immunodeficiency viruses is dependent on the plasma membrane-located phospholipid PI(4,5)P2. In order to determine if evolutionarily distant retroviruses are targeted by a similar mechanism, we generated mutant Gag constructs in the matrix (MA) domain of the Murine Leukemia Virus (MuLV) and examined their binding to membrane models and phenotypes in cell culture. Mutations in the MA polybasic region altered Gag localization, membrane binding and virion production. In addition, we show that MA binds with good affinity to all the phosphatidylinositol phosphates but displays a strong specificity for PI(4,5)P2 only if enhanced by phophatidylserine. Virus production was strongly impaired by PI(4,5)P2 depletion under 5ptaseIV overexpression. Our results suggest that the N-terminal polybasic region of MA is essential for Gag targeting to the plasma membrane and Gag cellular trafficking. The binding of the MA domain to PI(4,5)P2 appears to be a conserved feature among retroviruses, despite the fact that the MuLV-MA domain is structurally different from that of HIV-1 and -2 and lacks a readily identifiable PI(4,5)P2 binding cleft.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
LaboRetro, InsermU758, ENS de Lyon, IFR128
(2)
Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Maryland Baltimore County
(3)
Department of Microbiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham
(4)
CNRS-UMR 5235, Université de Montpellier 2
(5)
Inserm U966, Université François Rabelais
(6)
CNRS-UMR 5628, LMGP

Copyright

© Hamard-Peron et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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