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Host genome influences on susceptibility to HIV-1

In vitro and in vivo analyses identified a significant component of heritability in cellular or host susceptibility to HIV-1. The bases for susceptibility can be traced to genetic differences (inter-species) resulting from evolutionary adaptation to exogenous (and endogenous) retroviral infections, and to intra-species and inter-individual (human) differences associated with genetic variation. We have completed large scale evolutionary analysis of genes involved in HIV life cycle and pathogenesis, as well as participating and conducting genome-wide association studies, linkage analysis, and transcriptome analysis. These studies allowed a better understanding of the influence of common human variants in HIV-1 susceptibility and define a number of experimental challenges in the filed: understanding of the role of rare and private mutations in susceptibility, and the development of better tools for the integration of data from large-scale studies.

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Correspondence to Amalio Telenti.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Keywords

  • Association Study
  • Linkage Analysis
  • Genetic Difference
  • Significant Component
  • Transcriptome Analysis