Host genome influences on susceptibility to HIV-1
- Amalio Telenti1
© Telenti; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009
Published: 24 September 2009
In vitro and in vivo analyses identified a significant component of heritability in cellular or host susceptibility to HIV-1. The bases for susceptibility can be traced to genetic differences (inter-species) resulting from evolutionary adaptation to exogenous (and endogenous) retroviral infections, and to intra-species and inter-individual (human) differences associated with genetic variation. We have completed large scale evolutionary analysis of genes involved in HIV life cycle and pathogenesis, as well as participating and conducting genome-wide association studies, linkage analysis, and transcriptome analysis. These studies allowed a better understanding of the influence of common human variants in HIV-1 susceptibility and define a number of experimental challenges in the filed: understanding of the role of rare and private mutations in susceptibility, and the development of better tools for the integration of data from large-scale studies.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.