Volume 5 Supplement 1

Fourth Dominique International Conference. Maternal chronic viral infections transmitted to infants: from mechanisms to prevention and care

Open Access

Low birth weight is associated with maternal nevirapine based antiretroviral therapy in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire: the Ditrame Plus project and MTCT-Plus initiative (2001-2007)

  • Patrick Coffie1,
  • Renaud Becquet2,
  • Besigin Tonwe-Gold1,
  • Apollinaire Horo1,
  • Pety Touré3,
  • Stéphane Blanche4,
  • François Dabis2,
  • Valeriane Leroy2 and
  • Didier Ekouevi1
Retrovirology20085(Suppl 1):O19


Published: 9 April 2008


Pregnancy outcomes in women on antiretroviral treatment (ART) in low resource-settings are unknown. We investigate this issue within the Ditrame Plus project and MTCT-Plus Initiative in Abidjan.


All HIV-infected pregnant women with at least one delivery and eligible for ART were included. Between March 2001 and July 2003 when ART was not available, they received a short-course antiretroviral regimen (zidovudine (ZDV) + single-dose of nevirapine (sdNVP) or ZDV + lamivudine + sdNVP) (PMTCT Group) and between August 2003 and August 2007, they received a NVP-based ART therapy (ART Group). The following outcomes were studied: low-birth weight (LBW) (<2500 g), stillbirth and neonatal mortality. Women with multiple pregnancies were excluded. Factors associated with LBW were analysed using a logistic regression model.


Overall, 326 HIV-1 infected women were included: 175 in the PMTCT Group with a median CD4 count 177 cells/mm3 and 151 initiated ART for at least 28 days before delivery with median CD4 count 182 cells/mm3. Still birth rate was 3.3% in the ART vs 2.9% in the PMTCT group, (p=0.84). The rate of LBW was 22.3% in the ART and 12.4% in the PMTCT group (p=0.02). The multivariate regression model (n=309), ART was associated with LBW when adjusting on the CD4 count, WHO staging, maternal age and maternal body max index (ORa=2.53, p=0.015). The survival at 12 month in HIV-uninfected children was similar between the two groups (Log-Rank test, p=0.78). Neither LBW (ORa=1.5, p=0.38) nor the exposition to ART (ORa=1.1, p=0.85) were associated with infant mortality.


ART initiated in pregnant women induced low birth weight compared to newborn exposed to PMTCT regimen despite a supplementation with multivitamin in all pregnant women. The proper effect of maternal HAART on child survival needs to be assessed.

Authors’ Affiliations

ANRS DITRAME PLUS Project, PACCI Collaboration
Unité INSERM 593, Institut de Santé Publique d'Epidémiologie et de Développement (ISPED), Université Victor Segalen
ACONDA, MTCT-Plus programme
Service de Pédiatrie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Necker Enfants Malades


© Coffie et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.