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Long-term intrapatient evolution during HIV-2 infection

HIV-2 disease progression and transmission is attenuated compared to HIV-1, yet prospective studies examining HIV-2 intrapatient evolution have been limited. We examined viral sequence evolution in the C2V3C3 region of the viral env gene in 8 HIV-2 infected individuals from Dakar, Senegal, over the course of approximately 10 years. To compare results to HIV-1 infection, we reanalyzed data from our previous study that examined intrapatient evolution in HIV-1 infected individuals from the same population. HIV-2 sequences from early and late timepoints were phylogenetically intermixed for all subjects, and no distinct trends were observed in terms of increases or decreases in fragment size or number of N-linked glycosylation sites. In homologous env C2V3 sequence, rates of viral divergence and diversification were slower in individuals infected with HIV-2 than individuals with HIV-1. This data indicates that viral evolution occurs slowly in HIV-2 infection, which is consistent with the slow disease progression observed in HIV-2 infection, and supports the notion that viral evolution may be a relevant correlate for disease progression.

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Correspondence to Adam MacNeil.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Keywords

  • Infected Individual
  • Glycosylation Site
  • Viral Sequence
  • Viral Divergence
  • Viral Evolution