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  • Open Access

Street hawking and HIV/AIDS

Retrovirology20063 (Suppl 1) :P30

  • Published:


  • Young Adult
  • Positive Sample
  • Capital City
  • Educational Background
  • Increase Risk


Street hawking is an occupation engaged by children and young adults. Though there is a bill on child's labour that will soon be signed into law, yet it is a common sight in Nigeria cities. It is a business that requires prolong absence from home and families. The profession appears to be associated with increase risk of infection.


This study was conducted in Abuja (Federal Capital City) in Nigeria. Period of days of sample collection was from January-December, 2005. Out of this, 317 days were taken as working days (Mondays-Saturdays). The hawkers were contacted at 12 places in the city. An average of 7 hawkers was interviewed individually per day. Therefore the sample size was calculated as 317 × 7 = 2219. Voluntary counseling and confidential testing (VCCT) was administered. HIV screening was done using determine; positive samples were confirmed by Capillus, while a tie breaker (immunocomb) was used for indeterminate results.


Their age group was 8–28 years. The educational backgrounds of the subjects were as follows: primary 982/2219 (44.3%), secondary 1020/2219(45.9%), tertiary 217/2219(9.8%).1200/2219 (54.1%) were males and 1019/2219 (45.9%) females. Among the sexually active adults (1800/2219) representing 81.1%; 986/1800 (54.8%) had history of visiting commercial sex workers (CSWs). According to them, they used condoms but not always. Out of the sexually active adults (81.1%), 550/1800(30.6%) have had sexually transmitted infections at one point or the other. All the sexually active adults accepted VCCT; 246/1800 representing 13.7% tested HIV positive.


They have heard about HIV/AIDS through one medium or the other. But access to VCCT facilities is very poor.

Authors’ Affiliations

AIDS Prevention Initiative Nigeria Laboratory, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
Federal School of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
FATLAB, Medical Diagnostic, Agwan Dodo/Lada, Abuja, Nigeria


© James et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2006

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.