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Phylogeny of HTLV-I isolates from groups with risk antecedents for human retrovirus infections in Argentina

Background

HTLV-I infection shows an ethnic-geographic restriction being naturally endemic among aborigines from the Northwest. At-risk populations are also infected with HTLV-I. Cosmopolitan subtype (a) including subgroups A, B and C has been described previously in our country.

Materials and methods

35 HTLV-I samples were analyzed including 3 MSM, 6 FSW (1 from Peru and 3 from Salta), 13 BD (1 Japanese descendent), 5 HAM/TSP (3 from Peru) and 8 HIV positive individuals. The rest were from Buenos Aires (BA) city. LTR regions were amplified by n-PCR. Neighbor-joining and Parsimony trees were performed using Phylip package program.

Results

32 samples were identified as the Cosmopolitan subtype a, subgroup A. One HAM/TSP aA sample from BA was more distantly related to the rest of the aA samples. Furthermore, 2 samples (1 Peruvian HAM/TSP and 1 Japanese BD from BA) clustered with the previously described Br4, Br9 (from Brazil) and B13.Peru.

Conclusion

The majority of the circulating HTLV-I strains in Argentina belonged to the subgroup A. The finding of these 2 samples, clustering separately from any other known HTLV-I subgroup, agrees with previous suggestions of a possible divergent subgroup within subtype a.

Author information

Correspondence to Maria Emilia Eirin.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Keywords

  • Infectious Disease
  • Cancer Research
  • Package Program
  • Parsimony Tree
  • Positive Individual