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Can Vaccine-induced Mucosal High Avidity CD8+ CTL Delay AIDS-viral Dissemination from Mucosa?

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Natural HIV transmission occurs through mucosa, but it is debated whether mucosal cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) can prevent or reduce dissemination from the initial mucosal site to the systemic circulation. Also, the role of CTL avidity in mucosal AIDS viral transmission is unknown. To address these questions, we used delay in acute-phase peak viremia after intrarectal challenge as an indicator of systemic dissemination. We find that a peptide-prime/poxviral boost vaccine inducing high levels of high avidity mucosal CTL can impact dissemination of intrarectally administered pathogenic SHIV-ku2 in macaques, and that such protection correlates better with mucosal than with systemic CTL and particularly with levels of high avidity mucosal CTL.

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Correspondence to Jay A Berzofsky.

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  • Infectious Disease
  • Cancer Research
  • Systemic Circulation
  • Systemic Dissemination
  • Viral Transmission