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Relation between mannose-binding lectin (MBL) gene codon 54 polymorphism (allele B) and susceptibility to HTLV-1 infection
Retrovirologyvolume 11, Article number: P80 (2014)
Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) plays an important role in the innate immune defense against invading microorganisms. Deficiency of functional MBL is linked to polymorphisms in the MBL2 gene. The aim of the study was to determine the influence of MBL2 polymorphisms in susceptibility to HTLV-1 infection. A total of 43 HTLV-1 infected subjects and 127 healthy controls were evaluated for polymorphisms in the coding region of MBL2 gene. The point mutations in exon 1 at codon 54 (allele B) and codon 52 (allele D) and the wild type allele A were detected by PCR-RFLP. The frequency of the allele A, B and D was 66%, 29% and 5% among HTLV-1 infected subjects and 79%, 18% and 3% among healthy controls, respectively. Genotype and allele frequencies were statistically different between both groups, being the allele B more frequent among HTLV-1 infected subjects than in controls (29% and 18%, respectively; p=0.032). Moreover, the homozygous genotype BB was observed in 14% of HTLV-1 patients and only 3% of controls (p=0.016), and it was associated with an almost five-fold higher risk of HTLV-1 infection (p=0.016; OR=4.98, 95%CI=1,33-18,63). Our results suggest that carriers of the MBL2 allele B are more susceptible to HTLV-1 infection. Further studies with a large number of individuals are ongoing to confirm the impact of MBL polymorphisms as genetic determinant of HTLV-1 susceptibility.