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A selective defect in Fas-mediated apoptosis in HAM/TSP: An ex vivo, in vitro and in silico study

Fas/FasL-mediated apoptosis is crucial for a functional immune response, with deficient Fas/FasL expression being linked to several autoimmune diseases. In addition, a FAS-670 polymorphism in an interferon (IFN)-regulated STAT1-binding site has been associated to both ATL (Farre et al., 2008) and HAM/TSP (Vallinotto et al., 2012) susceptibility. Recently, Fas has also been identified as part of an IFN-regulated gene signature in HAM/TSP (Tattermusch et al., 2012). Therefore, we examined Fas expression and function in lymphocyte activation, apoptosis, lymphoproliferation and gene expression profiling, using polychromatic flow cytometry, thymidine incorporation and microarray analysis (Affymetrix) respectively, in PBMCs from 20 HAM/TSP patients, 30 asymptomatic HTLV-1-infected individuals and 34 healthy controls (Salvador-Bahia, Brazil). Fas expression was increased in both asymptomatic HTLV-1-infected individuals and HAM/TSP patients, as compared to uninfected controls. In HAM/TSP, Fas expression correlated positively to lymphocyte activation markers (HLA-DR, CD86), but negatively to disease duration, suggesting that Fas-mediated pro-apoptotic capacity decreases over time in patients. Likewise, increased Fas expression in HAM/TSP did not lead to increased apoptosis upon in vitro culture. However, in HAM/TSP patients, IFN-alpha-induced Fas expression was paralleled by decreased lymphoproliferation, suggesting a link between defective Fas-mediated apoptosis and excessive lymphoproliferation, a hallmark of HTLV-1 infection, which can be restored by IFN-alpha treatment. Taken together, our results suggest defective Fas-mediated apoptosis might be an additional factor of HAM/TSP pathogenesis, besides its recently identified IFN gene signature.

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Correspondence to Johan Van Weyenbergh.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( ) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Menezes, S.M., Decanine, D., Khouri, R. et al. A selective defect in Fas-mediated apoptosis in HAM/TSP: An ex vivo, in vitro and in silico study. Retrovirology 11 (Suppl 1), P78 (2014).

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