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HLA-G 3142C/G polymorphism is related to development of symptoms in HTLV-1 infected individuals
Retrovirology volume 11, Article number: P74 (2014)
The majority of HTLV-1 infected individuals remain asymptomatic (HAC) throughout life, and the risk factors associated to the development of related diseases, such as HAM/TSP and ATL, are not fully understood. The human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) is expressed in several pathological conditions and it has been associated to immunosuppressive effects allowing the virus-infected cells to escape of the host antiviral defense. Here, we evaluated the correlation between HLA-G polymorphisms in symptomatic and asymptomatic HTLV-1 infected individuals. Four polymorphisms of the exon 8 of the HLA-G gene were analysed by gene sequencing in HAC (n=48) and HAM/TSP patients (n=43). No difference was found between the groups for 3035C/T, 3187A/G and 3196C/G polymorphisms. On the other hand, despite of the absence of statistical significance, HAC group showed higher frequency of the 3142GG genotype (responsible for decreased transcription of theHLA-G) compared to HAM/TSP group (p=0,0607). Still, HAC group showed lower frequency of the 3142CC genotype (responsible for increased transcription of the HLA-G) compared to HAM/TSP group (p=0,0762). Furthermore, HAC group showed statistically higher frequency of the 3142G allele and lower frequency of the 3142C allele compared to HAM/TSP group (p=0,0244). In conclusion, HTLV-1-related symptoms in HAM/TSP group could be partially determined by higher expression of HLA-G (caused by higher frequency of the 3142C allele). We hypothesise that the higher expression of HLA-G protects the HTLV-1 infected cell against immune system attack the increasing proviral load and trigger the HAM/TSP symptoms.
FUNDHERP, FAPESP and CNPq.