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  • Open Access

Nation-wide epidemiological study in Japan on HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis using HAM-net, a novel patient registration system

  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 1Email author and
  • 2
Retrovirology201411 (Suppl 1) :P17

https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4690-11-S1-P17

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Leukemia
  • Infectious Disease
  • Family History
  • Cancer Research
  • Epidemiological Study

HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) is a debilitating neurodegenerative disease with no known cure. Due to its rarity, there is a shortage of the information necessary to develop new treatments. Accordingly, we have built a HAM/TSP patient registration system known as HAM-net, which enabled us to gather clinical information from 304 patients throughout Japan and perform nation-wide epidemiological analysis. The patients averaged at 62.4 years old at the time of registration, 44.2 at disease onset, and 51.4 at diagnosis, with an average of 7 years between onset and diagnosis. The male-female ratio was 1:2.8. As many as 9.5% of the patients (29 individuals from 27 families) had a family history of HAM/TSP, and 6.6% of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL). Those with a family history of HAM/TSP tended to report significantly earlier ages of onset. There was enormous variation among patients in terms of the rate of motor disability development. Overall, patients required a cane at a median of 8 years post-onset, required a walker at 13 years, and completely lost the ability to walk at 18 years. However, in some patients, the symptoms progressed much more rapidly, and these patients tended to experience the worst symptoms in the end. At only 2 years post-onset, a group of 18.8% of patients already required the use of a cane, and a group of 5.5% required a walker. With these results, we have demonstrated the utility of this novel strategy, and we look forward to globalizing our study through international cooperation.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Rare Diseases Research, Institute of Medical Science, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Japan
(2)
Department of Preventive Medicine, St Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Japan

Copyright

© Coler-Reilly et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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