- Poster presentation
- Open Access
MicroRNAs expression in CD4 T cells from HTLV-1 individuals
© Otaguiri et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
- Published: 7 January 2014
- miRNA Expression
- Target Prediction
- Gene Correlation
- miRNA Expression Profile
- IFNG Gene
HAM/TSP is an inflammatory manifestation of central nervous system caused by HTLV-1 and the mechanism of HAM/TSP development is no well elucidated. Currently, a promising approach on the physiopathogenesis of viral infections has been the evaluation of microRNAs (miRNAs) role. There are few data involving CD4+ T cells miRNA expression in HTLV-1 infection as well as in HAM/TSP establishment. To identify miRNAs differentially expressed in CD4+ T cells among non-infected individuals (CT), asymptomatic (HAC) and HAM/TSP patients we applied quantitative real time PCR. The analysis of miRNA expression profile in these cells showed 56 and 10 miRNAs upregulated 1.5 times in HAM/TSP and HAC groups, respectively. miR-125b-1-1 was upregulated in HAC group and miR-146a in HAM/TSP. Target prediction by in silico analysis showed that IFNG was a potentially miR-125b-1-1 target and IRAK1 and TRAF6 were miR-146a targets. IFNG expression was 1.3 higher in HAC than CT group and 1.8 higher in HAM/TSP than CT group. It was observed that TRAF6 expression was 15.7 and 1.5 times higher in HAM/TSP and HAC groups, respectively. There was no difference of IRAK1 expression among the three groups. Overexpression assays of miR-125b-1-1 altered IFNG expression and overexpression of miR-146a altered IRAK1 gene and protein expression. The results revealed that miRNAs could modulate genes and proteins during HTLV-1 infection. miR-125b and IFNG gene correlation suggests that miR-125b seems to contribute to HAM/TSP development. Besides, interaction between miR-146a and IRAK1/TRAF6 suggests that miR-146a seems to contribute to HTLV-1 establishment in CD4+ T cells.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.