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An interaction map for HTLV-1 Tax and PDZ-containing proteins

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Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) retrovirus encodes for the Tax protein, which has a transforming capacity in vitro. Tax contains at its C-terminus a binding motif for PDZ domain-containing proteins (PSD95-DLG1-ZO1). It has been shown that the C-terminal motif of Tax is involved in Tax oncogenic capacity. Ten different PDZ domain-containing proteins have been reported to interact with Tax, but the specificity of Tax-human PDZome interactions has not been investigated. The objective of this study is to obtain a comprehensive interactome map for Tax and the human PDZome and to determine a global role of Tax-PDZ interactions in HTLV-1 biology. By using different protein-protein interaction methods we have generated a Tax/human PDZome interaction map. We then performed a clustering analysis to define biological functions associated with Tax/PDZ interactions. PDZ Proteins involved in cell shape, cytoskeleton organization and membrane polarization and traffic were overrepresented, and suggest that Tax/PDZ interactions may be involved in Tax-mediated stimulation of T cell activation pathways.

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Correspondence to Karim Blibek.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Keywords

  • Leukemia Virus
  • Interaction Method
  • Cytoskeleton Organization
  • Membrane Polarization
  • Global Role