Volume 11 Supplement 1
Correlation of increased CXCL13 with intrathecal humoral immune responses to HTLV-1 in CSF of patients with HAM/TSP
© Enose-Akahata et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
Published: 7 January 2014
Intrathecal antibody synthesis is a well-documented phenomenon in infectious neurological diseases as well as in demyelinating diseases. Intrathecal antibody synthesis against HTLV-1 has been reported in HAM/TSP, but little is known about the role of B cells and humoral immune responses in the central nervous systems (CNS) of HAM/TSP patients. Here we demonstrate profiles of HTLV-1-specific antibodies in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of HAM/TSP patients. Of 36 HAM/TSP patients, antibody responses against Gag and Tax were detected in CSF of all the patients. CSF/Serum antibody ratio was elevated in anti-Gag (mean 1.20) more than in anti-Tax (mean 0.85), but importantly HAM/TSP patients with lesions or atrophy in spinal cord showed higher CSF/Serum anti-Gag antibody ratio. Antibody response against Env was detected in CSF of 94.4% of patients, but CSF/serum anti-Env ratio was significantly lower than those of anti-Gag and anti-Tax (mean 0.18). 19 patients were further studied for oligoclonal band (OCB) specificity to HTLV-1 antigens and all of them were found to have bands specific for at least one antigen studied. Significantly higher proportion of patients had Gag- or Env-specific OCBs than Tax-specific OCBs. Interestingly, CXCL13 (B cell attracting chemokine-1) was increased in CSF of HAM/TSP patients, which was associated with higher HTLV-1-specific antibody responses in CSF and was correlated with decrease of plasma blasts in peripheral blood. These results highlight the importance of the B cell compartment in HAM/TSP where production of HTLV-1-specific antibody may be required to control viral persistence and/or may be associated with HAM/TSP disease progression.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.