Skip to main content


Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Figure 1 | Retrovirology

Figure 1

From: Opposing regulation of endolysosomal pathways by long-acting nanoformulated antiretroviral therapy and HIV-1 in human macrophages

Figure 1

Schematic representation of the MDM phagosome network identified in HIV-1-infected (A) and HIV-1-infected and nanoATV treated cells (B). Proteins identified were compared against control uninfected MDM cultures (p < 0.05). The acquired profiles were analyzed through the bioinformatics program using a comprehensive set of functional annotation tools to uncover biological data sets behind the uncovered list of genes. Data for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) facilitated the linked sets of enriched functional-related protein groups. This tool was employed to identify enriched biological processes among the expressed proteins. Gene Ontology terms were used to identify related pathways with the assistance of the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database. The KEGG database facilitated the elucidation of the functions for the MDM as derived from the proteomic datasets. Statistical significance was determined using a p-value < 0.05. Proteins in red and blue, display up- and down- regulation, respectively. Proteins in green belong to the phagosome network and not deregulated by ATV treatment. The differences in protein up- and down-regulation between HIV infection alone and HIV infection with nanoATV treatment are circled in red.

Back to article page