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Table 2 Virion-associated cellular protein kinases and their viral substrates

From: Cellular kinases incorporated into HIV-1 particles: passive or active passengers?

Family Genus Virus Viral substrate(s) Virus-associated
cellular kinase (s)
Possible function(s) References
Retroviridae Alpharetrovirus AMV (?) 42-46 kDa and 60-64 kDa kinases 10 to 25 kDa viral protein [54, 129, 130]
   RSV (?) Cellular kinase (?) (?) [56]
  Betaretrovirus MMTV (?) Cellular kinase (?) (?) [56]
  Gammaretrovirus MSV (?) Cellular kinase (?) (?) [131133]
   R-MLV (?) 42-46 kDa and 60-64 kDa Kinases (?) [54, 129, 130]
   FeLV (?) Cellular kinase (?) (?) [56]
  Deltaretrovirus HTLV-1 MA ERK2 Virus assembly & release [6, 8]
  Lentivirus HIV-1 CA, MA, p6 ERK2, PKA, DR1/2, 53 kDa (?), Virus infectivity, uncoating [3, 6, 7, 14, 40]
    Rev, Nef, Vif p56lck, PKC, PRP2, Nm23-H1 Virus release, replication (?) [6264, 82, 88, 85]
   SIV (?) ERK2, PKA, PKC (?) [5, 76]
   FIV (?) ERK2 (?) [76]
  1. Giroud et al. Table 2