CDC2 is a direct target of ATF3. (A) The ratios of transcripts (Control/ATF3 KD populations) of 12 genes related to the cell cycle or apoptosis in the 2 groups are plotted. Open circles represent the up-regulated genes and black lozenges show the down-regulated genes. (B) The level of mRNA was studied by semi-quantitative RT-PCR to confirm the result of microarray analysis. (C) Control and ATF3 KD cells were analyzed by real-time PCR for the indicated mRNA. The expression level of control cells was defined as 1. Mean ± SD was based on results of three independent experiments (P < 0.01). (D) Schematic diagram of CDC2 primer used for ChIP assay. (E) 293FT cells were transfected with ATF3 expression vector. 48 hours after transfection, chromatin was prepared for a ChIP assay using an anti-ATF3 antibody. Anti-IgG was used as a negative control. (F) Jurkat cells were transiently transfected with ATF3 expression vector and CDC2 mRNA expression was measured by real-time PCR.