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Figure 4 | Retrovirology

Figure 4

From: Localization of HIV-1 Vpr to the nuclear envelope: Impact on Vpr functions and virus replication in macrophages

Figure 4

G2-arrest and pro-apoptotic activities of the Vpr mutants. HPB-ALL T cells were transfected with the HA-tagged Vpr (wt or mutated) expression vectors in combination with the GFP expression vector. A) G2-arrest activity. The DNA content was analyzed 48 h after transfection by flow cytometry on GFP-positive cells after staining with propidium iodide. Results are expressed as the percentage of the G2M/G1 ratio relative to that of the wt HA-Vpr. Values are the means of four independent experiments. Error bars represent 1 standard deviation from the mean. B) Pro-apoptotic activity. Cell surface PS exposure was analyzed 72 h after transfection by flow cytometry on GFP-positive cells after staining with phycoerythrin-labelled Annexin V. Results are expressed as the percentage of GFP-positive cells displaying surface PS exposure relative to that measured with wt HA-Vpr. Values are the means of four independent experiments. Error bars represent 1 standard deviation from the mean. C) Expression of wt and mutated HA-tagged Vpr proteins. Lysates from HPB-ALL transfected cells were analyzed by western-blotting using anti-GFP (upper panels) and anti-HA antibodies (lower panels).

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