Effect of hnRNP A1 depletion on viral gene expression. (A) Quantification of total viral gene expression in siRNA-transduced C91PL cells by quantitative PCR. Nuclear and cytoplasmic mRNAs were extracted from siRNA (black bars)- or control PRS (white bars)- transduced C91PL cells. Equal amounts of mRNA were reverse transcribed with oligo-dT and subjected to RQ- PCR. Results are expressed as the relative levels of total viral mRNA to cellular β-actin. Error bars indicate standard deviations. (B) Analysis of the nucleo-cytoplasmic expression of viral genes. Four days after transduction, mRNAs were extracted and analyzed as in Fig. 3B. Results are expressed as the amount of nuclear (grey bar) and cytoplasmic (black bar) indicated mRNA relative to β-actin. (C) Evaluation of the nuclear export rate (NER) of Rex-dependent (gag/pol plus env) mRNA and of Rex-independent (tax/rex) mRNA in PRS- or siRNA- transduced C91 PL cells.