SIV infection increases levels of mature miR- 29a (A), -29b (B), -9 (C) and -146a (D). Macaque macrophages were infected with SIV (MOI 0.05). Cells were harvested at 2, 4, 8, 12, 24 and 48 hours after infection and RNA was isolated. Taqman miRNA RT-qPCR assays were used to measure levels of mature miRNAs. Results were normalized to U6, then to uninfected samples for the individual time points (ΔΔCq method). Values are expressed as fold induction of miRNAs over uninfected controls using the ΔΔCq method and data shown is an average of at least 3 experiments.