Volume 8 Supplement 1
Promising results of an anti-CCR4 antibody, KW-0761, for relapsed Adult T-Cell Leukemia-Lymphoma (ATL)
© Utsunomiya et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011
Published: 6 June 2011
ATL is an aggressive T-cell malignancy caused by the virus HTLV-1 with a very poor outcome. ATL, and is characterized by its cell surface expression of CC chemokine receptor 4 (CCR4), to which KW-0761, a defucosylated, humanized antibody with enhanced antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC), binds. In a phase I study of KW-0761 in 13 patients (pts) with CCR4-positive relapsed ATL, encouraging efficacy of KW-0761 was observed (ORR of 31%; 2CRs and 2PRs, ref. 3). Here, we report the result of a pivotal phase II study of KW-0761 in pts with CCR4-positive relapsed ATL.
A multicenter phase II study of KW-0761 has been conducted for pts with CCR4 positive, relapsed aggressive ATL with the primary endpoint being overall response rate (ORR). Pts were planned to receive intravenous infusions of KW-0761 at 1.0 mg/kg once a week for 8 weeks. Twenty-eight pts were enrolled, among whom, 27 had at least one infusion of KW-0761. Most frequent adverse events (AEs) were mild to moderate in severity. The most frequent drug-related AEs were lymphopenia, acute infusion reaction, fever, skin rash, chill, thrombocytopenia and neutropenia. Among the 26 pts evaluable for efficacy, the ORR was 50% with 8 CRs and 5 PRs with response rates in each affected lesion being 100% (13/13) for peripheral blood, 63% (5/8) for skin, and 25% (3/12) for lymph node disease, respectively. Updated data including progression-free survival and overall survival, will be presented at the meeting with additional results of prognosis in the phase I study.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.