Volume 6 Supplement 3

AIDS Vaccine 2009

Open Access

P11-20. HIV-1 gp41-specific mucosal IgAs from highly exposed but IgG seronegative women block HIV-1 epithelial transcytosis and neutralize CD4+ cell infection

  • D Tudor4,
  • M Derrien4,
  • L Diomede1,
  • M Houimel4,
  • A Drillet4,
  • C Moog2,
  • J Reynes3,
  • L Lopalco1 and
  • M Bomsel4
Retrovirology20096(Suppl 3):P165

DOI: 10.1186/1742-4690-6-S3-P165

Published: 22 October 2009

Background

AIDS is mainly a sexually transmitted disease and accordingly, mucosal tissues are the primary sites of natural HIV-1 transmission. Mucosal IgA antibody specific for HIV-1 envelope gp41-subunit is one correlate of protection in individuals who are highly sexually exposed to HIV-1 but remain persistently IgG seronegative (HEPS). Understanding these peculiar IgAs at the gene and functional level is only possible with monoclonal IgAs.

Methods

We have constructed a mucosal Fab IgA library from HEPS and have characterized a series of HIV-1 IgAs specific for gp41 at the functional level against HIV-1 transcytosis and CD4+ cell infection and analyzed the IgA fab genes

Results

These IgA are transcytosis-blocking and infection-neutralizing in the nM range using primary B clade viruses. Characterization of their IgA genes shows that Fab specific for gp41-membrane proximal region harbors a long CDRH3 similar to the two broadly neutralizing IgG monoclonal antibodies, 2F5 and 4E10. Furthermore, the selected Fab IgA exhibits extensive somatic mutations that cluster in the CDR regions, indicating that affinity maturation due to an antigen driven process had occurred in HEPS, presumably upon multiple exposures to HIV.

Conclusion

The present analysis of HEPS monoclonal IgA gives a unique opportunity to correlate antibody function (resistance to a pathogen in vivo) to antibody gene. Such neutralizing monoclonal IgA could be used in microbicide formulation.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
San Rafele Institute
(2)
Université Louis Pasteur
(3)
Pasteur Institute
(4)
Cell Biology and host pathogen interaction, CNRS, Institut Cochin

Copyright

© Tudor et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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