Volume 3 Supplement 1

2006 International Meeting of The Institute of Human Virology

Open Access

Novel strategy for generation of mucosal immune responses against HIV-1 following systemic vaccination

  • Michele A Kutzler1,
  • Kimberly A Schoenly1,
  • Karuppiah Muthumani1,
  • Rose M Parkinson1,
  • Henry Maquire1,
  • Kenneth Ugen2 and
  • DB Weiner1
Retrovirology20063(Suppl 1):S30

DOI: 10.1186/1742-4690-3-S1-S30

Published: 21 December 2006

A significant hurdle in effective vaccine design for infectious pathogens is the ability to mount immune responses at the portal of entry, namely mucosal sites. The development of a systemic-delivered vaccine approach driving secretory IgA and mucosal T cell immune responses against pathogens would fundamentally change many vaccine strategies. Using mucosal pathogens HIV-1 and Influenza A as models, we demonstrate that a novel systemic administered DNA vaccination strategy utilizing co-delivery of specific mucosal-derived chemokine adjuvants, can produce distal mucosal immune responses. This strategy resulted in redirection of a4b7 and CCR9 or CCR10 positive immune cells to the site of immunization with mucosal retrafficking phenotype. The immune phenotype included enhanced cytokine and cytolytic markers expressed by antigen-specific T cells from the spleen, lung and lamina propria, as well as elevated IgG and secretory IgA responses in secondary lymphoid organs, B cells from the gut, peripheral blood and fecal extracts. Systemic immunization controls, as expected, failed to induce mucosal immunity. These studies have great significance for basic understanding of gut lymphocyte homing, mucosal phenotype commitment and development of vaccine strategies for mucosal pathogens. This work is supported by F32AI054152 to MAK, and N01-A1-15429, NIAID-HVDDT to DBW.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
The Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
(2)
The Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of South Florida

Copyright

© Kutzler et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2006

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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